L-1032e.A1 phyCAM-M VM-116 1/4“ 1,0 MPixel Global Shutter MINI Camera Module Guide

Table of Contents

L-1032e.A1 phyCAM-M VM-116 1/4“ 1 MPixel Globel Shutter MINI Camera Module Guide
Document TitleL-1032e.A1 phyCAM-M VM-116 1/4“ 1 MPixel Global Shutter MINI Camera Module Guide
Document TypeHardware Guide
Article NumberL-1032e.A1
Release Date09.08.2022
Is Branch ofL-1032e.Ax phyCAM-M VM-116 1/4“ 1 MPixel Global Shutter MINI Camera Module Guide Head

Note

The default settings in this manual are indicated by bold blue font.

phyCAM-M VM-116 1/4“ 1 MPixel MINI Camera Module

Overview

Features

  • 1 MPixel - Sensor (1,024,000 Pixel)
  • monochrome (VM-116-BW-M) or color (VM-116-COL-M)
  • phyCAM-M - Interface
  • Frame rate: 60 fps (full resolution)
  • Frame rate: 66 fps at HD 720p
  • Global Shutter
  • Feature Pins
  • Additional connector with trigger, strobe (optional)
VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M, PL1567.0) (Back/Front)

Order Options

M12 and C/CS Mount

The camera module can be ordered with an M-12 holder. Lens mounting is also possible.

For mount dimensions, please refer to L-867Be.A4 phyCAM Digital Camera Modules Concept and Design-In Guide.

phyCAM Concept

The phyCAM series of camera modules allow for the easy and efficient configuration of microcontroller designs with image processing technology. Camera modules with phyCAM interface can be directly connected to the digital camera interface of selected PHYTEC microcontroller modules. This allows for easy integration of camera technology into compact, project-specific designed products. Many BSPs (Board Support Packages) of PHYTEC microcontroller modules already contain the corresponding software drivers for the phyCAM modules.

Due to the open interface definition, phyCAM modules can also be used together with other microcontrollers or hardware designs that have a corresponding camera interface. The interfaces of the phyCAM products are identical within the respective product series. This makes it possible to connect different camera modules with the same application circuit and allows scalability during the design phase and in future design variants.

Evaluation kits are available for the development phase.

Note

Further information on the phyCAM concept and important notes on the design-in can be found in document L-867Be.A4 phyCAM Digital Camera Modules Concept and Design-In Guide.

Information on the software integration of the camera modules can be found in document L-867Ae.A0 Quickstart Guide Start-Up phyCAM with Embedded Imaging Kit.

We recommend considering the information in these two documents before integrating the camera module.

Function Overview VM-116 Camera Modules

On-board Clock Generation

The master clock (MCLK) for the camera sensor is generated with a 27 MHz oscillator on the camera module. The internal PLL of the camera sensor is used to generate the required operating frequency of the sensor. As a result, it is not necessary to generate the master clock externally and route it to the camera module.

For more information, please refer to the sensor's datasheet.

On-Board EEPROM

The camera modules are equipped with a 2 kB EEPROM (M24C02-R or compatible). It can be used, for example, to store individual configurations or an identification number. The addressing of the EEPROM can be done individually by solder jumpers. The addressing is described in more detail in the corresponding sections Special Functions of the individual interface variants.

Further information can be found in the datasheet of the EEPROM

Image Sensor AR0144

The camera module is equipped with an AR0144CS image sensor from ON Semiconductor. The sensor has a resolution of 1280 (H) x 800 (V) = 1.0 MPixels with a sensor format of 1/4". The image sensor is equipped with a global shutter and is available in a monochrome version or with Bayer Pattern color mask. Due to the phyCAM concept, the special functions of the sensor are available on almost all interface variants. Further information on the individual functions of the sensor can be found in the manufacturer's datasheet.

Spectral Sensitivity

Note

For detailed technical data, please refer to the datasheet of the camera sensor. At the time of writing this document, the information is subject to confidentiality and can only be viewed by means of an NDA with ON Semiconductor.

Variable Resolution

The camera sensor of the VM-116 - like other phyCAM modules - allows for the reduction of the effective image resolution by different methods. This allows image details and the amount of data generated to be optimally adapted to the requirements of the application. The frame rate can also be increased by reducing the resolution.

Depending on the desired resolution and requirements of the application, various methods can be used to reduce the resolution:

  • Windowing/cropping/ROI:
    The image is only read from a part of the sensor Region of Interest (ROI). Pixels outside this field are skipped. This method reduces the effective size of the image window on the sensor, which must be taken into account when calculating the optics. The beginning of the image window can be shifted on the physical sensor, allowing electronic panning.

  • binning:
    In binning, neighboring pixels are combined. This increases the effective size of a pixel and the light sensitivity increases. With color sensors, it should be noted that directly adjacent pixels are not combined, but the next pixels of the same color (see sensor datasheet).

  • skipping:
    When reading, pixels are skipped. The effective sensor area is therefore not reduced or only slightly reduced when the resolution is reduced. This may be useful when calculating the optics or when switching between different modes (electronic zoom).

Embedded Statistics

In addition to the image information, two further lines can be output with statistical data of the image.

Further information can be found in the datasheet of the sensor.

Lens Shading Correction

An algorithm for correcting lens shading is integrated into the sensor.

Further information can be found in the datasheet of the sensor.

A-Law Compression

To improve the signal-to-noise ratio, quantization of the analog pixel information with the A characteristic can be performed in the sensor.

Further information can be found in the datasheet of the sensor.

SBC Kits

Single Board Computer (SBC) kits are available for various microprocessor platforms and operating systems for testing camera modules as well as application development. PHYTEC is continuously expanding the platforms supported in these kits. Please refer to www.phytec.de for the latest information on available kits. Our sales and support team is ready to assist in the selection of the appropriate kits and image processing hardware.

phyCAM-M VM-116-xxx-M

Technical Data

Features

  • 1 MPixel - Sensor (1,024,000 Pixel)
  • monochrome (VM-116-BW-M) or color (VM-116-COL-M)
  • phyCAM-M - Interface
  • Frame rate: 60 fps (full resolution)
  • Frame rate: 66 fps at HD 720p
  • Global Shutter
  • Feature Pins
  • Additional connector with trigger, strobe (optional)
VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M, PL1567.0) (Back/Front)

Specification

Function

VM-116-BW-M[1]

VM-116-COL-M[1]

Camera Characteristics



Resolution

1 MPixel

1 MPixel

Resolution (H x V)

1280 x 800 Pixel

1280 x 800 Pixel

Sensor size

1/4"  3.84 mm x 2.4 mm

1/4"  3.84 mm x 2.4 mm

Pixel size

3 µm x 3 µm

3 µm x 3 µm

Color/ monochrome

monochrome

color

Sensor technology

CMOS

CMOS

Sensorchip

ON Semiconductor AR0144

ON Semiconductor AR0144

Scan-System

progressive

progressive

Shutter Type

global

global


Frame Rate (fps)


60 fps (volle Auflösung)

60 fps (volle Auflösung)

66 fps bei HD 720p

66 fps bei HD 720p

Sensitivity[2]

56 ke-/lux×s

22,3 ke/lux×s

SNRMAX[2]

38 dB

38 dB

Dynamic range[2]

71 dB71 dB

Exposure time

programmable

programmable

Amplification Analog / Digital

1x … 16x / 1x … 16x

1x … 16x / 1x … 16x pro Channel

AEC /AGC

ja /ja

ja /ja

Skipping

2 / 4 / 8 / 16

2 / 4 / 8 / 16

Binning

ja

ja

Chief Ray Angle

0° (optional 20° / 28°)

0° (optional 20° / 28°)

External Trigger / Sync.

-

-

ROI

yes

yes

Mirror / Flip

yes

yes

Image Processor

n/a

n/a

LED Lighting

n/a

n/a

Special Functions

see Special Functions

see Special Functions

Electrical Interface



Video output type

digital

digital

Connection

phyCAM-M

phyCAM-M

Data format

MIPI CSI-2 (2 Data Lanes)

MIPI CSI-2 (2 Data Lanes)

Interface Mode

Y8/Y10/Y12

RGGB8/RGGB10/RGGB12

Camera setting

I²C

I²C

Supply voltage

3.3 V

3.3 V

Power consumption (max)

325 mW

325 mW

Power-up Standby (type)

15 mW

15 mW

Mechanical Daten



Lens mount

none / M12

none / M12

Dimensions (mm)

26 x 18

26 x 18

Mounting

2 x M2

1 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Pre-Series PL1567.0)

2 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Series-Board PL1567.1)

2 x M2

1 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Pre-Series PL1567.0)

2 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Series-Board PL1567.1)

Weight (PCB)

2.4 g

2.4 g

Connections



phyCAM-M

Shielded FFC 30 pol.

Shielded FFC 30 pol.

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Specification 

1.

n/a: not applicable. All data may be subject to technical changes

2.

Specific specification of the sensor manufacturer. See datasheet of the sensor chip.

Interface Characteristics

 

Symbol

min

type

max

Unit

Operating Voltage

VCAM

3.0

3.3

3.6

V

Current Consumption

ICAM

-

90

-

mA

MIPI CSI-2 DATA and CLK

see MIPI CSI-2 specification and the AR0144 Sensor Datasheet

I²C

see I2C specification for 3,3 V Fast-mode System

Accept: Maximum Low-Pegel at SCL and SDA <=840 mV

Input high voltage (Reset)

VIH_RST

2.0

3.3

5.5

V

Input low voltage (Reset)

VIL_RST

-0.5

0

0.8

V

Input high voltage (I2C_ADR)

VIH_ADR

1

3.3

3.6

V

Input low voltage (I2C_ADR)

VIL_ADR

-

-

0.4

V

Input high voltage (CTRL2)

VIH

2

-

5.5

V

Input low (CTRL2)

VIL

-

-

0.8

V

Output high (CTRL1, CTRL3)

VOH

Open-Drain (max. 5,5 Volt)

V

Output low (CTRL1, CTRL3)

VOL

-

-

0.4

V

Output low (CTRL1, CTRL3)

IOL

-

-

16

mA

Operating temperature

TOP-40-85°C
Storage temperatureTSTG-40-85°C
MIPI CSI-2 Bus length on the ModuleLMIPI--30mm
MIPI CSI-2 Intra-Pair Skew on the ModuleLdiff-Intra--50µm
MIPI CSI-2 Inter-Pair Skew on the ModuleLdiff-Inter--500µm






Masterclock Frequency

fMCLK

-

27

-

MHz

I²C Clock rate

fI2C

-

100

400

kHz

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Interface Characteristics 

Datenformate

monochrom (VM-116-BW-M):

  • Y8 (8 Bit Graustufenauflösung)
  • Y10 (10 Bit Graustufenauflösung)
  • Y12 (12 Bit Graustufenauflösung)

color (VM-116-COL-M):

  • RGGB8 (8 Bit Bayer-Pattern)
  • RGGB10 (10 Bit Bayer-Pattern)
  • RGGB12 (12 Bit Bayer-Pattern)

I2C Adresses


Device


I²C-Address 

Configuration

Variant

I2C_ADDR

J19




Camera Sensor

0x20

GND2+4All
X2+3

0x30

VCAM2+4


X


1+2
VM-116 (phyCAM-M) I2C Addresses

Additional I2C addresses can be configured within the camera sensor by software.


Device


I²C-Address 

Configuration


Variant

I2C_ADDR

J19

J13

EEPROM

0xAC

GND

2+4

2+4

All

0xAE

VCAM

2+4

2+4

0xAC--2+3
0xAE--1+2
0xAC-2+32+4
0xAE-1+22+4
VM-116 (phyCAM-M) EEPROM I2C Addresses

The I²C addresses are specified hexadecimal in 8-bit representation. In Linux, it is possible to work with a 7-bit representation. In this case, the address value is to be shifted one digit to the right. The specification refers to the write address (bit 0 = 0). The read address is increased by 1 according to bit 1 = 1.

Feature Pins

Signal

Pin

Configurable Function

I/O

Optional
CTRL111Strobe/Flash
O

CTRL2

12

Trigger
Standby
I2C_ADR


I

CTRL313ShutterO
CTRL414Not Connected-
VM-116 (phyCAM-M) Feature Pins


Note

Specify the internal configuration of the camera module to activate this function.

Functions can be mutually exclusive!

Furthermore, the camera sensor must be configured correctly to give the corresponding GPIO the correct functionality.

NOMT = not mounted = unassembled

Special configurations can be equipped by PHYTEC for series deliveries. Please contact our sales staff for further information.

The signals CTRL1 (Strobe Output) and CTRL3 (Shutter Output) are open-drain outputs. A pull-up resistor must be provided on the baseboard in each case.

Jumper Map

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Jumper Plan (PL1567.0)(1 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Pre-Series PL1567.0))

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Jumper Plan (PL1567.1)(2 x 1.5 mm Centering hole (Series-Board PL1567.1))

Dimensioned Drawing

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Dimensional drawing (general tolerance +-0.1 mm) PL1567.0

VM-116-xxx-M (phyCAM-M) Dimensional drawing (general tolerance +-0.1 mm) PL1567.1



Note

Current DXF and STEP data for your design are available on our website.

Special Functions

Trigger

The trigger input provides the following function:

  • In the slave mode of the sensor, the time of image acquisition is controlled. A high level at the trigger input triggers image acquisition.

Details on triggering can be found in the datasheet of the camera sensor.

The trigger input is available at pin 1 of extension connector X2. In addition, the trigger input is available at CTRL2 (pin 12) of the phyCAM-M connector.

Strobe

The strobe output provides the following function:

  • A high level is an output during the exposure time of the image sensor.

For details on the strobe signal, refer to the datasheet of the camera sensor.

The strobe signal is present on pin 3 of the expansion connector X2. In addition, the strobe signal is available at CTRL1 (pin 11) of the phyCAM-M connector.

Note

The strobe signal is an open-drain output and requires a pull-up resistor on the application board.

Reset

See L-867Be.A4 phyCAM Digital Camera Modules Concept and Design-In Guide.

Revision History

Date

Version #

Changes in this manual

17.11.2021

L-1032e.A0

New Release

09.08.2022

L-1032e.A1

Value changes
Added PL1567.1
PDF Version