LAN-095e.A1 i.MX 8M Mini Fused Tin Grid Array (FTGA) Soldering Information
Table of Contents
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This guide provides information on how to solder the various phyCORE-i.MX 8M Mini modules.
- For good soldering results, we recommend using the parameters in this guide as much as possible. Variations to the parameters may cause issues when soldering a phyCORE module.
- Due to its weight and to reduce the soldering cycles, we recommend populating the SOM onto the assembly-side of the carrier board with the SOM's assembly-side facing upwards.
- For technical support or additional information, please contact our technical support team.
The modules are only shipped in reels. For more information, please contact PHYTEC Sales.
All dimensions and tolerances as per EIA 481 standard.
i.MX 8M Mini Reel Technical Information
Moisture Sensitivity, Shelf Life, and Storage
The modules are rated MSL 3, so it is required that they are stored adequately before soldering (see IPC/JEDEC J-STD-033C). PHYTEC recommends storing the modules shrink-wrapped in the original packing. If the packaging is opened, store them in humidity reduced storage (rel. humidity < 10%, T < 30°C / 86°F). The shelf life for sealed packaging is 12 months at < 40°C and < 90 % rel. humidity.
- Stencil thickness: 100µm / 4mil
- Stencil alignment: 25% off the smallest pad
- For better durability for mechanical vibrations and shock, the golden edges of the module can be soldered. We did mechanical stress tests without soldered edges and no problems occurred (Shock-Test: 40g, sinusoidal vibrations: 8g at 10 - 150Hz; random noise vibrations: 4g at 10 - 500 Hz). W also did temperature shock tests (750 cycles from -40°C to 125°C) → no problems occurred.
The following solder paste type has been approved for mounting the module onto a carrier:
- SAC305 (Lead-free: Alpha OM-340 Type 4 or equivalent)
Dimensions of the Module
The link “phyCORE-i.MX 8M Mini” within the category "Dimensioned Drawing" on the phyCORE‑i.MX 8M Mini download page (https://www.phytec.de/produkt/system-on-modules/phycore-imx-8m-mini-nano-phyboard-polis-download/) leads to the layout data. It is available in different file formats. Use of this data allows integrating the phyCORE-i.MX 8M Mini SOM as a single component into your design.
The coplanarity measured on the i.MX 8M Mini is<0.003" bow and twist (98% confidence interval). It is important that the carrier board is also coplanar. If the carrier board is thinner then the i.MX 8M Mini, it is recommended that the assembly be supported during the reflow process, i.e. a reflow fixture should be used to minimize the potential bow of the carrier card.
SMT Pick and Place
- Placement Nozzle: Largest nozzle that is available on the machine
- Nozzle Pick Surface: Center of Shield on i.MX 8M Mini SOM
- Placement Speed: Slowest speed for the machine
- Placement alignment: 10% of pad diameter (compensating for module weight and supporting alignment). The module should be placed last as part of the assembly/mounting process to eliminate unexpected shifting.
- Place the SOM at last on the carrier board
SMT Process Parameter Reference
|Process||SMT Process||Specification Recommendations|
|Solder Paste||Leaded: Indium NC-SMQ92J|
Lead-free: Alpha OM-340
|Stencil Thickness||0.15 mm / 5 mil|
|Stencil Diameter||1.47 mm / 58 mil|
|Paster Alignment||25% off the pad (offset <0.25 diameter)|
|Placement Nozzle||0>15 mm vacuum|
|Nozzle Pick Surface||PnP cap center|
|Speed||Slowest speed for the machine|
|Placement Sequence||Place the SOM last|
|Placement Alignment||50% off the pad (offset <.5 diameter)|
|Reflow||Belt Speed||0.6-1.1 m/sec|
|Refer to SMT Profile below|
Our soldering profiles for the vapor phase soldering is based on J-STD-020E (see below). The liquidus time amounts between 60 s and 90 s, and we recommend a maximum of three soldering processes. The peak body temperature of the populated parts is 260°C.
Classification Profile (J-STD-020E1, Table 5-2, Page 8):
|Profile Feature||Pb-Free Assembly|
Temperature Min (Tsmin)
Temperature Max (Tsmax)
Time (ts) from (Tsmin to Tsmax)
|Ramp-up Rate (TL to Tp)||3°C / second max.|
|Liquidus temperature (TL)|
Time (tL) maintained above TL
|Peak Package Body Temperature||For users: Tp must not exceed the classification temperature in Table 4-2. |
For suppliers: Tp must equal or exceed the classification temperature in Table 4-2.
|Time (Tp)* within 5°C of the specified classification temperature (Tc), see Figure 5-1.||30* seconds|
|Ramp-down Rate (Tp to TL)||6°C / second max.|
|Time 25°C to peak temperature||8 minutes max|
|*Tolerance for peak profile temperature (Tp) is defined as a supplier minimum and a user maximum.|
Note 1: All temperatures refer to the center of the package, measured on the package body surface that is facing up during assembly reﬂow (e.g. live-bug). If parts are reﬂowed in other than the normal live bug assembly reﬂow orientation (i.e., dead-bug), Tp must be within±2°C of the livebug Tp and still meet the Tc requirements. Otherwise, the proﬁle must be adjusted to achieve the latter. To accurately measure actual peak package body temperatures, refer to JEP140 for recommended thermocouple use.
Note2: Reﬂow proﬁles in this document are for classification / preconditioning and are not meant to specify board assembly proﬁles. Actual board assembly proﬁles should be developed based on speciﬁc process needs and board designs and should not exceed the parameters in this table. For example, if Tc is 260 °C and time Tp is 30 seconds, this means the following for the supplier and the user:
- For a supplier: The peak temperature must be at least 260 °C. The time above 255 °C must be at least 30 seconds.
- For a user: The peak temperature must not exceed 260 °C. The time above 255 °C must not exceed 30 seconds.
Note 3: All components in the test load must meet the classification proﬁle requirements.
Note 4: SMD packages classiﬁed to a given moisture sensitivity level by using Procedures or Criteria deﬁned within any previous version of J-STD-020, JESD22-A112 (rescinded), IPC-SM-786 (rescinded) do not need to be reclassiﬁed to the current revision unless a change in classiﬁcation level or a higher peak classification temperature is desired.
Classification Profile (J-STD-020E1, Figure 5-1, Page 8)
1: Revision December 2014
|LAN-095e.A1||BGA changed to FTGA||20.07.2021|